Recently, ChatGPT is really popular. About two months after its launch, the large language model of OpenAI, an American artificial intelligence company, has reached 100 million monthly active users in January, attracting the attention of all parties and becoming the fastest growing consumer application in history. program.

It is understood that ChatGPT is not only a breakthrough in the new generation of chat robots, but also will bring about great changes in the information industry. ChatGPT has powerful information integration capabilities, natural language processing capabilities, and can also chat, write papers, create poetry, generate game scripts, write program codes, etc. upon request.

The emergence of ChatGPT also represents an important progress of artificial intelligence technology in the field of language processing, which continuously promotes the application and development of artificial intelligence in various fields, and also triggers discussions and explorations on the development and application of artificial intelligence technology.

How is ChatGPT different?

Chatbots are not new, so what makes ChatGPT stand out?

According to the introduction of OpenAI’s official website: “ChatGPT is a natural language processing model. By using a pre-trained language model, it can generate human-readable text and answer questions. It is widely used in various application scenarios, such as question answering systems, text Generation and dialogue systems, etc.”

Previously, the “Alpha Dog” of AI in the Go world has refreshed the general public’s views on artificial intelligence technology, but it itself cannot be widely used, and it is difficult for the general public to directly contact it.

ChatGPT is completely different.

Compared with “Alpha Dog”, ChatGPT can directly apply or support many scene applications and products. If “Alpha Dog” is the “Yangchun Baixue” of technology application, then ChatGPT may have a chance to become “Xiliba People”.

This means that 996’s “beating workers” has since added a fish-catching artifact, such as writing code, doing copywriting, searching recipes, solving math problems, writing novels, etc., and can use ChatGPT to help in the future.

And on social platforms, netizens’ discussions on ChatGPT’s usage experience have become popular, condensed into one sentence: it’s so powerful that it’s shocking.

Compared with traditional search engines, ChatGPT has a certain “personality” and “mind”. “Concordant” and “satisfactory” answers, instead of just making blunt explanations around “keywords”, the text interaction ability of some scenes is close to the human level.

“Chat GPT is the first AI-native product in the true sense. Its biggest innovation lies in the generation of text content. ChatGPT gradually sorts out the user’s intentions through interactive dialogue.” He Xiaodong, vice president of JD Group and IEEE Fellow, was interviewed Shi said that, especially for some more complex intentions, ChatGPT can conduct several rounds of human-computer interaction to allow users to express their demands clearly, and ChatGPT can also fully understand the user’s intentions and give corresponding answers. The fluency of the entire interactive experience is very good, coupled with the high integrity of ChatGPT text generation, the experience has reached a threshold, to an amazing level.

Dr. He Xiaodong pointed out that from a technical point of view, compared with the previous extensive use of unsupervised deep learning algorithms, the algorithm and training process behind the ChatGPT model are more novel, innovative use of semi-supervised learning algorithms, especially ChatGPT makes the generated text model more “Organization”, this is a very big technological innovation. If there is no human data selection, even if the parameters of this model are more than ten times larger, it will be difficult to achieve this effect. In a sense, this is actually a route correction for the past pursuit of large (parameters) and unsupervised learning.

What changes does ChatGPT bring?

“The current impact and future imagination brought by the initial breakthrough of ChatGPT is huge.” Liu Cong, vice president of iFLYTEK and executive director of the research institute, believes that on the basis of technological evolution, artificial intelligence represented by natural language processing Algorithms are likely to reconstruct the product form of the Internet and mobile Internet, promote the upgrading of many industries such as education, medical care, automobile, finance, consumption, media, service and manufacturing, and finally bring about the corresponding business models. change.

Liu Cong pointed out that the continuous development of the ChatGPT-like model will promote industrial transformation and model innovation through at least four aspects of capability improvement in the future.

One is to change the existing human-computer interaction mode. In the future, people may interact with smart products in a natural dialogue.

The second is to change the mode of information distribution and acquisition. Based on cognitive intelligence technology, more efficient information integration and knowledge recommendation can be realized.

The third is to innovate the content production mode and improve productivity. Once ChatGPT is launched, it has been widely used in document writing, email writing, code writing, etc., which will greatly expand the ability of ordinary people to use computers and networks to innovate and create; after ChatGPT is integrated into word, excel, ppt and other tool software, It will improve the efficiency and richness of content production and change the way people work; it will also drive the development of AIGC technology and industries in the form of images, audio, and video.

The fourth is to accelerate the development of “AI for Science”. With more and more scientific research data learned by ChatGPT, it is possible to provide professional research suggestions and even actively explore and discover new theories for researchers in the future, thus pushing “AI for Science” to a new level.

“The revolution brought about by ChatGPT will profoundly change the production and lifestyle of the world today, and restructure the industrial structure. It is a major strategic opportunity in the field of artificial intelligence to promote industrial and social changes, and it will be a must for future development. “Liu Cong said.

Jin Bei, a member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, also wrote an article pointing out that the development of most industries in the future will incorporate artificial intelligence technology. Industries with hardware equipment as the main body, such as manufacturing, mining, infrastructure, etc., will add more artificial intelligence software systems; industries with software and manpower as the mainstay, such as various service industries, will add more artificial intelligence equipment. instead of labor. The emergence of these new forms of industries is naturally a foreseeable prospect, and people’s lives will be changed accordingly.

AI is joyful and worrying

Looking back on the past, from Xiaobing to AlphaGO, artificial intelligence will set off a wave of technological updates every few years. Now, ChatGPT is at your fingertips, pulling and colliding with people’s usual modes and frameworks for participating in production and life, and continues to “surge” on the track beyond human beings. Topics such as “ChatGPT triggers ten major career crises” and “humans will be replaced by AI in the future” are also frequently searched and sparked discussions.

First of all, most voices in the field of technology believe that artificial intelligence will not replace or even eliminate human beings. The rationale is that, as computers have become more sophisticated, they lack the real understanding that humans have developed through evolution as autonomous agents embedded in networks of social practice. This is an experience that artificial intelligence does not have.

When asked about ChatGPT, it replied: “I am a machine learning model, not conscious or self-aware like a human. I also cannot feel emotions or experience the world like a human. However, I can process large amounts of data quickly, and The ability to understand and respond to natural language input in a manner similar to human communication.”

In 1950, the brilliant computer scientist Alan Turing came up with a thought experiment he called the “imitation game.” The interviewer talks to the two subjects through a typewriter, knowing that one is a human and the other is a machine. Turing suggested that a machine can be said to be capable of thinking if it can consistently convince interviewers that it is human. This is the famous “Turing test”.

Currently, ChatGPT has not passed the evaluation of the Turing test. In fact, so far, no artificial intelligence model can really pass the Turing test.

Although artificial intelligence cannot replace humans, what is worrying is that AIGC headed by ChatGPT not only makes humans “lazier”, but also weakens the human thinking process. If computers and the Internet save people from rote memorization, ChatGPT saves people from thinking. According to reports, 89% of students in the United States admit to using ChatGPT to complete homework, and New York public schools have banned the use of the application.

“ChatGPT fever”, will trigger a butterfly effect?

American philosopher, author, and cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett described the juvenile sea squirt in his 1991 book Consciousness Explained: “It wanders the ocean, looking for a suitable rock or coral as a lifelong home.” Once found, the sea squirt no longer needs its brain and eats it.

This sounds absurd, but there is a worrying metaphor behind it: after artificial intelligence is increasingly integrated into our daily lives, human beings may rely too much on “smart” machines, making us lazier and less capable of thinking. degradation.